Varicose Veins

About Varicose Veins

  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Occurrence
  • Prevention
Varicose Veins
Varicose Veins

Causes of Varicose Veins

Causes of Venous Insufficiency and Varicose Veins

  • Heredity
  • Gender
  • Pregnancy
  • Age
  • Prolonged sitting or standing
  • Hormone levels
  • Physical Trauma

Symptoms of Varicose Veins and Venous Insufficiency

Common Symptoms:

  • Aching
  • Night cramps
  • Heaviness
  • Tiredness
  • Burning
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Swelling
  • Throbbing
  • Tender areas around veins
  • Pain
  • Itching
  • Skin color changes
  • Unsightly varicose and spider veins
  • Restless leg syndrome
Superficial Venous Reflux

Advanced Symptoms:

  • Ankle Sores
  • Skin Ulcers
  • Bleeding
  • Inflammation
  • Blood Clots

Can Varicose Veins Be Prevented?

Varicose veins are unsightly and can cause significant discomfort in your lower extremities. While preventing varicose veins is difficult, you can make simple everyday changes to help relieve the discomfort from existing varicose veins. These changes include:

  • Exercising regularly
  • Avoid prolonged sitting or standing
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Avoid taking high-estrogen pills (i.e. birth control pills)
  • Wear compression stockings
  • Relax and elevate your legs
  • Avoid wearing clothing or shoes that limit the use of calf muscles and restrict blood flow (i.e. high heels)

Although helpful, these suggestions do not treat the underlying cause of venous disease.

How Varicose Veins Occur

Veins return blood back to our heart through muscle contraction in our legs. Returning this blood to the heart requires leg veins to work against gravity. During muscle contraction, the muscles squeeze the veins in the legs and push the blood upwards to the heart. Veins also have one-way valves that open to allow blood to flow upward, and close to prevent the blood from flowing backwards. When these vein valves malfunction, the vein walls lose elasticity and blood can flow backwards down the legs. Blood collects in lower leg veins causing them to enlarge and become varicose.

Request an Appointment

  • We will respond to your request within 48 hours.
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.